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The group was among the first to play jazz that featured the guitar as a lead instrument.
- Gypsy jazz also known as gypsy swing or hot club jazz is a style of jazz generally accepted to have been started by the Romani guitarist Jean "Django" Reinhardt in Paris during the s.
- Too rarely, a single musical style unites listeners who crave artistic innovation with those who just wanna get down.
- Remember Me?
- It was recorded five other times throughout Reinhardt's career and is considered to be one of his signature compositions.
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The Django Reinhardt Collection: , Vol. Django Reinhardt. Masters of Music: Essential Original Albums. The Django Reinhardt Collection: Jazz: The Smithsonian Anthology. Plays the Blues. Paper Moon. Postwar Recordings Django on the Radio. Main Personnel, Guitar. Djangology [Living Era]. Gypsy Jazz.
The Electric Years. The Swing Sessions, Vol. Guitar Visions. Gypsy Knights. Memorial [Empire Musicwerks]. Genius of Improvisation. I Got Rhythm [Recall]. Main Personnel, Guitar, Guitar Rhythm. Jazz in Britain Jazz in Paris, Vol. Progressions: Years of Jazz Guitar. Guitar Acoustic. Swing de Paris BD Jazz Series. Best of BD Jazz. Harmonica Swing 's. Jazz a La Gitane, Vol. Le Genie Vagabond. Swing Accordion. Douce Ambiance. Fiftieth Anniversary Memorial. Finesse [Proper]. Jazz Reference: Best Of.
Jazz Sous L'Occupation. Gus Viseur. Minor Swing [Proper]. Nuages [Proper]. Retrospective Swing Tanzen Verboten! Swing in Belgium and France.
Swing de Paris [Box Set]. Virtuoso of the Mouth Organ. Larry Adler. Django's Blues. Four Acoustic Guitar Giants. Gypsy Jazz School: Django's Legacy. Guitar, Primary Artist. Integrale Django Reinhardt, Vol. La Mer [Naxos]. Guitar Rhythm. Minor Swing. Souvenirs [Dreyfus]. The Quintessence, Vol. The Quintessence: Paris- Bruxelles Paris and London: , Vol. Swingin' with Django [Golden Stars].
Django Reinhardt and His American Friends. In London. La Swing De Paris. Mister Swing. Swing de Musette. Swing from Paris. Swing to Bop: Guitars in Flight Swing Fit as a Fiddle.
Planet Jazz. Quintette du Hot Club de France: 25 Classics Selection of Django Reinhardt. With His American Friends. Art of Jazz Guitar. En Belgique, Vol. Guitar, Composer.
Hot Club Quintet of France. I Got Rhythm [Jazz Hour]. La Guitare a un Nom. Nuages , Vol. Solo Sessions, Vol. Guitar, Performer, Primary Artist. Stephane's Tune [EPM].
Thanks, Ken Cartwright. Speck Press. Also, the lead singer Eric is there a lot. Touring gypsy jazz musicians often include workshops with performances. Thread: Eugene oregon. Oxford University Press US. Matelo Ferret and his brother Baro had played with Reinhardt.
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Eugene Vees | Credits | AllMusic
The group was among the first to play jazz that featured the guitar as a lead instrument. He died suddenly of a stroke at the age of Jazz guitarist Frank Vignola claims that nearly every major popular-music guitarist in the world has been influenced by Reinhardt. A number of authors have repeated the claim that Reinhardt's nickname, Django, is Romani for "I awake";  : 4—5 however, it may also simply have been a diminutive, or local Walloon version, of "Jean".
He became adept at stealing chickens, which was viewed as a noble skill by the Romani, because part of their means of survival on the road was to steal from the non-Romani world around them. Reinhardt was attracted to music at an early age, first playing the violin.
At the age of 12 he received a banjo-guitar as a gift. He quickly learned to play, mimicking the fingerings of musicians he watched, who would have included local virtuoso players of the day such as Jean "Poulette" Castro and Auguste "Gusti" Malha, as well as from his uncle Guiligou, who played violin, banjo and guitar. At this time, he had not started playing Jazz. He received little formal education and acquired the rudiments of literacy only in adult life.
At the age of 17 Reinhardt married Florine "Bella" Mayer, a girl from the same Romani settlement, according to Romani custom although not an official marriage under French law. His name was now drawing international attention, such as from British bandleader Jack Hylton , who came to France just to hear him play. Before he had a chance to start with the band, however, Reinhardt nearly died. On the night of 2 November , Reinhardt was going to bed in the wagon that he and his wife shared in the caravan.
Apparently, he knocked over a candle, which ignited the extremely flammable celluloid that his wife used to make artificial flowers. The wagon was quickly engulfed in flames. The couple escaped, but Reinhardt suffered extensive burns over half his body.
Reinhardt refused the surgery and was eventually able to walk with the aid of a cane. Doctors believed that he would never play guitar again. While he never regained the use of those two fingers, Reinhardt regained his musical mastery by focusing on his left index and middle fingers, using the two injured fingers only for chord work.
Soon thereafter, the couple split up. The son eventually took the surname of his mother's new husband. As Lousson Baumgartner, the son himself became an accomplished musician who would go on to record with his biological father.
After parting from his wife and son, Reinhardt traveled throughout France, getting occasional jobs playing music at small clubs. He had no definite goals, living a hand-to-mouth existence, apparently spending his earnings as quickly as he made them. Nicknamed "Naguine," she and Reinhardt were distant cousins. During the years after the fire, Reinhardt was rehabilitating and experimenting on the guitar that his brother had given him.
Hearing their music apparently triggered in Reinhardt a vision and goal of becoming a jazz professional. He and Grappelli would frequently jam together, accompanied by a loose circle of other musicians. Reinhardt would acquire his first Selmer guitar in the mids. In Paris on 14 March , Reinhardt recorded two takes each of "Parce-que je vous aime" and "Si, j'aime Suzy", vocal numbers with lots of guitar fills and guitar support.
He used three guitarists along with an accordion lead, violin, and bass. He participated in a jam session and radio performance with Louis Armstrong. Later in his career, Reinhardt played with Dizzy Gillespie in France. Also in the neighborhood was the artistic salon R , at which Reinhardt and Grappelli performed regularly as they developed their unique musical style. In Reinhardt's quintet played to thousands at an all-star show held in London's Kilburn State auditorium.
Reinhardt returned to Paris at once,  : 98—99 leaving his wife in the UK. Grappelli remained in the United Kingdom for the duration of the war. Reinhardt re-formed the quintet, with Hubert Rostaing on clarinet replacing Grappelli.
While he tried to continue with his music, war with the Nazis presented Reinhardt with two potentially catastrophic obstacles. First, he was a Romani. Second, he was a jazz musician.
Beginning in , all German Romani were barred from living in cities, herded into settlement camps, and routinely sterilized.
Romani men were required to wear a brown Gypsy ID triangle sewn on their chest,  : similar to the pink triangle that homosexuals wore, and much like the yellow Star of David that Jews had to subsequently wear.
Additionally, the German attitude toward jazz had been hostile throughout the first half of the 20th century. The Weimar Republic also made efforts to suppress jazz between and Apparently, he and Joseph Goebbels viewed jazz as part of an international conspiracy to undermine Germany's greatness. Nonetheless, Goebbels stopped short of a complete ban on Jazz, which now had many fans in Germany and elsewhere. Reinhardt expanded his musical horizons during this period.
He also experimented with classical composition, writing a Mass for the Gypsies and a symphony. Since he did not read music, Reinhardt worked with an assistant to notate what he was improvising. His modernist piece Rhythm Futur was also intended to be acceptable to the Nazis. Biographer Michael Dregni  : One of his songs, 's "Nuages",  became an unofficial anthem in Paris to signify hope for liberation.
Reinhardt's first attempt at escape from Occupied France led to capture. They had a son, Babik Reinhardt , who later became a respected guitarist in his own right.
After the war, Reinhardt rejoined Grappelli in the UK. In the autumn of , he made his first tour in the United States, debuting at Cleveland Music Hall  as a special guest soloist with Duke Ellington and His Orchestra.
He played with many notable musicians and composers, such as Maury Deutsch. At the end of the tour, Reinhardt played two nights at Carnegie Hall in New York City; he received a great ovation and took six curtain calls on the first night. Despite his pride in touring with Ellington one of two letters to Grappelli relates his excitement , he was not fully integrated into the band.
He played a few tunes at the end of the show, backed by Ellington, with no special arrangements written for him. These performances drew large audiences. Tired of waiting, Reinhardt returned to France in February After his return, Reinhardt re-immersed himself in Romani life, finding it difficult to adjust to the postwar world. He sometimes showed up for scheduled concerts without a guitar or amplifier, or wandered off to the park or beach.
On a few occasions he refused to get out of bed. Reinhardt developed a reputation among his band, fans, and managers as extremely unreliable.
He skipped sold-out concerts to "walk to the beach" or "smell the dew. In Rome in , Reinhardt recruited three Italian jazz players on bass, piano, and snare drum and recorded over 60 tunes in an Italian studio. He united with Grappelli, and used his acoustic Selmer-Maccaferri. The recording was issued for the first time in the late s.
Back in Paris, in June , Reinhardt was invited to join an entourage to welcome the return of Benny Goodman. He also attended a reception for Goodman, who, after the war ended, had asked Reinhardt to join him in the U. Goodman repeated his invitation and, out of politeness, Reinhardt accepted. However, Reinhardt later had second thoughts about what role he could play alongside Goodman, who was the "King of Swing", and remained in France.
In , Reinhardt retired to Samois-sur-Seine , near Fontainebleau , where he lived until his death. He continued to play in Paris jazz clubs and began playing electric guitar. He often used a Selmer fitted with an electric pickup, despite his initial hesitation about the instrument. In his final recordings, made with his Nouvelle Quintette in the last few months of his life, he had begun moving in a new musical direction, in which he assimilated the vocabulary of bebop and fused it with his own melodic style.
On 16 May , while walking from the Gare de Fontainebleau—Avon Station after playing in a Paris club, he collapsed outside his house from a brain hemorrhage. Reinhardt's second son, Babik , became a guitarist in the contemporary jazz style.
He followed the Romani lifestyle and rarely performed in public. After Reinhardt died, his brother Joseph at first swore to abandon music, but he was persuaded to perform and record again. Joseph's son Markus Reinhardt is a violinist in the Romani style. A third generation of direct descendants has developed as musicians: David Reinhardt, Reinhardt's grandson by his son Babik , leads his own trio.
Dallas Baumgartner, a great-grandson by Lousson, is a guitarist who travels with the Romani and keeps a low public profile. A slightly younger distant relative, violinist Schnuckenack Reinhardt , became famous in Germany as a performer of gypsy music and gypsy jazz up to his death in , and also assisted in keeping Reinhardt's legacy alive through the period following his death.
Reinhardt is regarded as one of the greatest guitar players of all time, and the first important European jazz musician to make a major contribution with jazz guitar.
Using a Selmer Guitar in the mids, his style took on new volume and expressiveness. For about a decade after Reinhardt's death, interest in his musical style was minimal. In the fifties, bebop superseded swing in jazz, rock and roll took off, and electric instruments became dominant in popular music.
Since the mid-sixties, there has been a revival of interest in Reinhardt's music, a revival that has extended into the 21st century, with annual festivals and periodic tribute concerts. His devotees included classical guitarist Julian Bream and country guitarist Chet Atkins , who considered him one of the ten greatest guitarists of the twentieth century. Jazz guitarists in the U. In fact, Byrd, who lived from to , said that Reinhardt was his primary influence.
Guitarist Mike Peters notes that "the word 'genius' is bantered about too much. The popularity of gypsy jazz has generated an increasing number of festivals, such as the Festival Django Reinhardt held every last weekend of June since in Samois-sur-Seine France ,   the various DjangoFests held throughout Europe  and the US, and Django in June, an annual camp for Gypsy jazz musicians and aficionados.
The movie covers Django's escape from Nazi-occupied Paris in and the fact that even under "constant danger, flight and the atrocities committed against his family", he continued composing and performing.